7. Images

Because the user interface can change rapidly and frequently, and because it is very expensive for translation teams to localize screen shots, the edX documentation team uses screen shot images sparingly.

7.1. Resources

These resources for screen captures (existing dummy courses with good data) are available on edX Edge.

7.2. Guidelines for Adding Images

7.2.1. Messages

Avoid using a screen shot to show an error, warning, or informational message. Instead, just include the text of the message as part of the procedure or concept. Message text should be enclosed in quotation marks.

If you choose to show message text in a code block, you must include a translator note in a comment immediately before that element. For more information and an example, see Guidelines for Translators.

7.2.2. Colors

Use the edX pattern library to select colors for your image.

7.2.3. Browser Width

Before you take a screen shot, reduce the window width to avoid extra white space. Usually this means you narrow the width of your browser until the page is no longer responsive. However, you do have the aesthetic control over when reducing the width of the intended image will have the effect of making the screen shot too long.

The following image has a lot of white space inside the component editor. To produce a better illustration of the component editor, make the browser narrower.

Image with extra white space on the right.

Keep images flush with text in bulleted and ordered lists.

Image kept inline with a bulleted list.

7.3. Capturing Screen Shots

You can use any tool you like to capture images.

If you use SnagIt, you can configure preferences to include a timing delay and specific on-screen objects, including the cursor, as well as setting keyboard shortcuts for different configurations. References to the edX documentation team’s SnagIt Style Gallery follow.

If you use a Mac computer, you can use the built-in screen capture application to take screen shots. To capture part of the screen, follow these steps.

Note

This method does not capture the positioning of the cursor.

  1. Press CMD + SHIFT + 4. The cursor changes to a crosshairs symbol.

  2. Click and drag from one corner of the area you want to capture to the corner diagonally opposite, and let go of the mouse when you’ve captured the image you want.

7.4. Editing Images

You can use any tool you like to edit images. Some guidelines for SnagIt are included here.

7.4.2. Borders

Add a border with the following characteristics to every image.

(In SnagIt: Effects > Border; In Photoshop: Cmd + a, Edit > Stroke)

  • Opacity: 100%

  • Size: 2pt

  • Color: edX Grayscale Dark, rgb(79, 89, 93) #4F595D

In SnagIt, the first time you make these selections for a border, a new tile appears in the Style Gallery with these characteristics. Save that new style (select its + icon) so that you can reuse it in the future.

7.4.3. File Size and Format

Save the file, without resizing, in .png format. You set the size in the document: see Image Sizes.

7.4.4. Annotations

When you use SnagIt to add arrows, boxes, or other indicators, they are added as vector-based images. You can save these additions in a special SnagIt format so that you can edit them later: choose Save As > .snagproj format.

When all of your edits are complete and you are ready to publish, choose Save As > png. This will flatten the image.

7.4.4.1. Colors for Annotations

When you annotate screen shots, use the colors in the edX pattern library.

  • For most additions, use edX Brand Secondary base, a dark pink (rgb(203, 89, 141), #CB598D).

  • If another color is required, use edX Brand Primary base, a medium blue (rgb(0, 121, 188), #0079BC).

7.4.4.2. Text in Annotations

If you want to annotate screen shots, instead of adding text to the image, use numbered identifiers and provide a legend in the .rst file with the descriptions.

For graphics that must include text, such as flowcharts, use a tool such as Adobe Photoshop that allows you to add individually editable layers. When you are ready to add the text, create a layer in the image specifically for the text, and only text. Be sure to leave 30% extra surrounding space for expansion.

Text in annotations uses the Open Sans font. To install the Open Sans font, follow these steps.

  1. Visit the Google Fonts page for Open Sans.

  2. Under Choose the styles you want, select Normal 400.

  3. (optional) Under Choose the character sets you want, select any character sets.

  4. On the right side of the page, click the Download icon. Choose the .zip file option in the dialog box that opens.

  5. Copy all of the unzipped .ttf files and move them to the Macintosh HD/Library/Fonts directory.

  6. Close and reopen any application that you want to use the font in.

7.5. Adding an Image to a File

When you add an image to a file, include a directive with the following information.

  • The image directive

  • The image width

  • Image alt text

.. image:: Images/HTMLEditor.png
  :width: 450
  :alt: An image of the HTML component in the visual editor.

7.5.1. Alt Text for Accessibility

The purpose of alt text is to serve as a functional equivalent for an image. Every image that you add to the edX documentation must have alt text that makes the purpose of the image clear to those who are using screen readers.

The following examples are of useful alt text.

:alt: Image of the feedback check mark and x from a student's point of view.

:alt: A stacked bar chart for three subsections. In one subsection, fewer
 than a third of the students who started videos finished watching them.

The following examples are of alt text that is less useful.

:alt: Image of a multiple choice problem.

:alt: Example response.

When you write alt text, follow these guidelines.

  • Quality and meaning are more important than brevity. However, length is a consideration, and some automated tests produce warnings for text that is longer than about 20 characters.

  • Punctuate the alt text.

  • To ensure that every image in an HTML file has alt text, try the Durham University Alt Text Checker.

  • To find other accessibility issues in an HTML file, try the Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool.

7.5.2. Image Sizes

When you save a screen shot, do not reduce it in size. You can define the image width in the rst file.

.. image:: Images/descriptive_image_name.png
     :width: 600
     :alt: Alt text in punctuated sentences or phrases.

Full screen width

600

Course pane

500

Component editor

450

Dialog box

300

Sidebar

250

Extra-wide screen

800

Full screen width

600-pixel-wide image.

Course pane or Course Outline page

500-pixel-wide image.

Component editor

450-pixel-wide image.

Dialog box

300-pixel-wide image.

Sidebar

250-pixel-wide image.

Extra-wide screen

800-pixel-wide image.